Water wise and drought tolerant plant material for planting and soft-scaping and screening.

Apache Plume

Height:  3 to 5 feet                 Spread:  2 to 6 feet

Soil type:  Well draining soil, no clay

Exposure:  Full sun

Water Very drought tolerant

Look:  Soft, airy, lacy, not dense

General:  Growth controlled by water, do not over water

Gray Rabbitbush, Chamisa

Height:  2 to 6 feet                 Spread:  2 to 4 feet

Soil type:  Well draining, alkaline

Exposure:  Sunny

Look:  A dense look

General:  Fast growing

Fourwing Saltbush, Chamiso

Height:  1 to 6 feet                 Spread:  4 to 8 feet

Soil type:  Tolerates saline, alkaline soils, very dry soil

Exposure:  Full sun

Look:  A dense look, round or mounded shapes

General:  Fast growing

Curl-Leaf Mountain Mahogany

Height:  4 to 15 feet               Spread:  4 to 8 feet

Soil:  Gravelly, rocky, well draining

Exposure:  Full sun to some shade

Look:  Not dense but full growth

General:  Slow to moderate growth

Non-Native  Butterfly Bush

Height:  3 to 12 feet               Spread:  5 to 12 feet

Soil type:  Well draining soil

Exposure:  Full sun, some shade

Look:  A dense look, round or mounded shapes

General:  Fast growing

Non-Native  Russian Sage

Height:  3 to 5 feet                 Spread:  3 to 4 feet

Soil type:  Average soil, good drainage

Exposure:  Full sun

Look:  A dense look, round or mounded shapes

General:  Fast growing

Large Screening Material

Desert Olive, New Mexico Privet

Height:  Low to 15 feet                   Spread:  8 to 10 feet

Soil type:  Found wild in sand, loam, clay and lava

Exposure:  Open sun

Look:  A dense look, deciduous in winter, multiple trunks

General:  Fast growing at start and with water

Oneseed Juniper

Height:  8 to 15 feet               Spread:  9 to 12 feet

Soil type:  Tolerates dry very dry soil well draining

Exposure:  Full sun

Look:  A dense look

General:  Not a fast grower, needs water to establish

Pinyon Pine or Piñon Pine

Height:  15 to 20 feet             Spread:  15 to 20 feet

Soil type:  Dry to very dry soil, well draining

Exposure:  Full sun

Look:  A dense look, well shaped when mature

General:  Not a fast grower, needs water to establish

Plant Material Not Recommended

          This material has shown up on many community lists as do not plant material. Some of the reasons listed are, non-native, water intensive, and very invasive in local habitats.

                   Russian Olive

                   Salt Cedar or Tamarisk

                   Chinese Elm

Siberian Elm

Tree-of-Heaven

Reference Material

Xeriscape Plant Material,  by Denver Water

Native Gardening in Northern New Mexico,  by Native Plant Society of New Mexico

Southwestern Landscaping with Native Plants,  by Judith Phillips

New Mexico Gardener’s Guide,  by Judith Phillips